MOISSAN, HENRI

MOISSAN, HENRI (1852–1907), French inorganic chemist and Nobel Prize winner. Moissan was born in Paris of a non-Jewish father and a Jewish mother. He joined the Ecole Supérieure de Pharmacie, where in 1886 he became professor of toxicology and in 1899 professor of inorganic chemistry. From 1900 he was professor of inorganic chemistry at the Sorbonne. Moissan's main work was on metal oxides and inorganic and organic fluorine compounds. He developed a laboratory electric furnace which he used to make artificial (black) diamonds. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1906 for his investigation and isolation of the element fluorine, and for the adoption in the service of science of the electric furnace called after him. Moissan published his work in scientific journals and in his books, Le Four Electrique (1897) and Le Fluor et ses composés (1900); he also wrote an inorganic chemistry textbook in five volumes, Traité de chimie minérale (1904–06). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: W.R., in: Proceedings of the Royal Society, A80 suppl. (1908), xxx–xxxvii; Ramsey, in: Journal of the Chemical Society, 101 (1912), 477–88; Lebeau, in: Bulletin de la Société Chimique de France (1935), 135–8; T.N. Levitan, Laureates: Jewish Winners of the Nobel Prize (1960), 30–33. (Samuel Aaron Miller)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Moissan, Henri — ▪ French chemist in full  Ferdinand Frédéric Henri Moissan  born Sept. 28, 1852, Paris, France died Feb. 20, 1907, Paris  French chemist who received the 1906 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the isolation of the element fluorine and the development …   Universalium

  • Moissan, Henri — (1852–1907)    French chemist and Nobel laureate, 1906. Moissan, whose mother was Jewish, was professor of inorganic chemistry at the Sorbonne from 1900. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1906 for his success in isolating the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Moissan, Henri — (1852 1907)    French chemist. He was professor of inorganic chemistry at the Sorbonne. In 1906 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Moissan, Henri — ► (1852 1907) Químico francés. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1906, por sus servicios en el aislamiento del flúor y por la introducción del horno eléctrico …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Moissan — Moissan, Henri …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henri Moissan — Naissance 28 septembre 1852 Paris (France) Décès 20 février 1907 (à 54 ans) Paris ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moissan — Henri Moissan Henri Moissan Ferdinand Frédéric Henri Moissan (né à Paris le 28 septembre 1852 et décédé à Paris le 20 février 1907) était un pharmacien français. Il est principalement connu pour avoir isolé le premier le fluor …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Moissan — Nacimiento 28 de septiembr …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henri Moissan — Ferdinand Frederic Henri Moissan (* 28. September 1852 in Paris; † 20. Februar 1907 ebenda) war ein französischer Chemiker. Leben Ihm glückte es als erstem, am 26. Juni 1886 reines Fluor herzustellen. 1904 entdeckte Moissan im Meteoriten Krater… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moissan — Henri Moissan Ferdinand Frederic Henri Moissan (* 28. September 1852 in Paris; † 20. Februar 1907 in Paris) war ein französischer Chemiker. Ihm glückte es als erstem, am 26. Juni 1886 reines Fluor herzustellen. 1893 entdeckte Moissan in einem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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